Medallion name – MINT ROBBERY Significance – As the Civil War raged in the East, drifter James D. Clark bounced around from job to job, and finally landed one at the Denver Mint and a scheme came quickly to mind. His robbery strategy was simple fill his pockets with as much gold as possible and get out of Denver. One day in February 1864, Clark left work with more than $37,000 in gold and treasury notes stuffed in his pockets. His plan was to head to Colorado Springs, but he got lost along the way and was eventually captured. When


Medallion Name – ROCKY MOUNTAIN FASHION Significance – Thanks to miners and their need for sturdy clothing we have Levi’s and the blue jean. Inscription – “Your ruffle shirts, standing collars and all kinds of fine clothing had better be left in your wardrobe at home. Discard all cotton or linen clothing; adapt yourself at once to woolen and leather; provide yourself with woolen underclothes. …You may also leave your razor for you won’t use it.” 1859 Gold Rush Handbook Location – 39.750304, -104.996208 Details – Mining as an industry was born in 1848, when James Marshall was building a


Medallion Name – LET THE BUYER BEWARE Significance – Jefferson Soapy Smith was a notorious 19th century in the Denver Area. He was crime boss who had his finger in a number of illicit actives. One of his avowed philosophies was, A gambler is one who teaches and illustrates the folly of avarice; he is a non-ordained preacher on the vagaries of fortune and how to make doubt a certainty. Inscription – In the 1880s and 1890s Denver was the nations headquarters for con men, a dubious honor that maintained into the early years or the 20th century. The most


Medallion Name – YO SOY JOAQUIN Significance – Corky Gonzales has been honored as the founder of the Chicano movement. He was an iconic leader in the movement for justice and equality for Mexican-Americans. Inscription Rudolfo Corky Gozales born in Denver June 18, 1928, son of a migrant worker, helped organize and lead the Chicano civil and human rights movement of the 1960s and 70s. He advocated equality, just and self-determination for the Chicano/Mexicano people of the Southwest. POET PLAYWRIGHT LECTURER POLITICAL ACTIVIST COMMUNITY ORGANIZER I am Aztec Prince And Christian Christ I shall endure, I will endure Location –


Medallion Name – RAGS TO RICHES Significance – How times have changed! Today we fund new businesses with venture capital. Back in the days of the Wild West, you offered a grubstake an agreement designed to supply material, provisions, or money to an enterprise in return for a share of in the resulting profits. Such a venture brought money and power to the men who provided these provisions, such as shopkeeper Horace Tabor and as will read below, was the ruin of his wife Baby Doe. Inscription – Horace Tabor’s funeral cortege passed along 17th St. As the owner of


Medallion Name – CHERRY CREEK EMIGRANTS SONG Significance – Industrial work tunes were created by workers directly out of their own experiences. These songs expressed the toils of labor, objectives, frustrations, interests and goals. Inscription The gold is there, most anywhere. You can take it our rich with an iron crowbar, And where it is thick, with a shovel and a pick You can pick it out in lumps as big an s a brick. Rocky Mountain News June 18, 1859 Location – 39.750159, -104.996022 Details The Cherry Creek Emigrants Song is a supreme example of a work song a


Medallion Name – PRIVATE PROFITS AND THE PUBLIC GOOD Significance – Benevolence is often in short supply. Self-interest, on the other hand, is not. The theory of trickle-down economics is that self-interest inadvertently serves the public good, allowing society to prosper even if people are not driven by benevolence. Profits become a guide to the value that companies create for society. Inscription – Unlike San Francisco, which the Spanish founded as a mission, and Salt Lake City, which the Mormons started as a communal religious utopia, Denver originated as a place to make money. From the beginning, the town aspired


Medallion Name – COAL MINERS DAUGHTER Significance – Josephine Aspinwall Roche was a woman ahead of her time. Not only was she the first policewoman in Colorado, the first woman to run a major coal company, she was the second woman to serve in a presidential cabinet. Inscription – Josephine Roche, daughter of a wealthy coal mine operator, ran for governor in 1934. She advocated a progressive sales tax that fell heavily on the rich. Although she lost the election, she became Assistant Secretary of Treasury, the second highest ranking woman in Franklin Roosevelts administration. Location – 39?44’56.7″N 104?59’42.1″W Details


Medallion Name – D&F TOWER AND SKYLINE PARK 1101 16th St., Denver, Colorado 80202 Daniels & Fisher Tower added to the National Register of Historic Places: 12/3/1969, 69000040 State Register: ?5DV.118 Significance – Denver’s past and future are dramatically reflected in the landmark D&F Tower and the urban repositioning honored by Skyline Park. Inscription – The D&F Tower at the corner of 16th and Arapahoe Streets is all that remains of the Daniels & Fisher department store that stood on this block. After its construction in 1911, the D&F Tower was for many years the tallest building in Denver. Modeled


Medallion Name – ALL WASHED UP Significance – Flash flooding has a long history along Colorado’s Front Range. The Indians shared what they knew about the raging waters, but when the white men arrived, they ignored the local wisdom. They built the settlement of Denver on the banks of Cherry Creek and paid the price. Inscription – The legend says that Denver-s early settlers, who made their camp on the banks of Cherry Creek, laughed at the Arapaho, a local Indian tribe, for making their camp inconveniently far from the waters edge. The Arapaho warned the settlers of floods, but


Medallion Name – RAILS & MOUNTAINS Significance – Natural resources, location and transportation are all key factors in the development of the city of Denver. From the time early pioneers first settled in Colorado, mining and natural resources have made huge contributions from local livelihood to international industry. The railroad is necessary to transport the states bounty through the mountains and beyond the plains. Inscription – Down 17th Street, Longs Peak is visible over the roof of Union Station. Together, they symbolize two bases of Denvers economy. Since its founding in 1858, Denver has taken advantage of its location for


Medallion Name – ARAPAHOE STREET Significance – The land that was to become the City of Denver was a favorite campground of the Arapahos. When Anglo miners arrived in search of gold in the late 1850s, the Arapaho had already established their village on the Platte, just below the mouth of Cherry Creek. Inscription – Before the founding of the City of Denver, the tribe that camped in the area called themselves “Inuna-ina: meaning, “Our people.” This tribe was also known as “Arapaho,” the word for “trader” or “buyer” in Pawnee. Denver’s founders honored the tribe with the names of


Medallion Name – DON’T PANIC Significance – A catchier title for this medallion might have been Silver and Gold and Money. Currency policy (gold vs. silver) was a contentious issue in the late 19th century. Colorado’s first boom was made by advocates and politicians who got the federal government to use silver coinage. US money made Colorado’s economy in the 1880s and broke it in the 1890s.When the silver standard ended due to financial pressures, the mines and towns of Colorado were devastated. Inscription – The Silver Panic of 1893 brought 17th Street to her knees. Eventually she recovered; gold


Medallion Name – NATIONAL WOMAN SUFFRAGE MOVEMENT Significance – Suffrage is the right vote in political elections. in the U.S., it’s not like a politician waved a magic wand and said, “Voila, Women can now vote, “and scattered equality over everyone. When Colorado elected to give women suffrage rights on November 7, 1893, they became the first state in the U.S. to do so. This historic victory was no small achievement. Inscription – NATIONAL WOMAN SUFFRAGE MOVEMENT Until 1911, Denver was the largest city in the nation where women could vote. Western states, including Colorado, were among the first to


Medallion Name – BONFILS Significance – In the days before technology, television and radio, people got information from daily newspapers.? Depended upon for fact and truth, newspapers were a reliable source of informationuntil the Denver Post came along. Frederick Bonfils and Harry Tammen published the first muckraking tabloid of the West. The Denver Post positioned itself as a form of entertainment in the days before radio and film. Articles sacrificed truth for sensationalism and exaggeration.? But it was the Posts disregarded of accepted journalism norms and standards that made it exceptional. Inscription A dog fight on Champa Street is of


Medallion Name – OUT WITH THE OLD… Significance – Established by City Resolution, the Denver Urban Renewal Authority was created to help rehabilitate and redevelop blighted areas of our city “necessary in the Interest of public health, safety, morals and welfare of (its) residents.” Inscription –  The Skyline Urban Renewal Project consisted of twenty blocks between Curtis Street and Larimar Street that were demolished in the late 1960s to “remove blight” and make the new and modern. There is a noticeable difference in scale between the older and the newer buildings. The resulting demolition sparked Denver’s first major historic preservation


Medallion Name – A BANK THAT LOOKS LIKE A BANK Significance – The Colorado National Bank Building epitomizes the concept of Wall Street of the West. The white marble bank with Corinthian columns, a lofty arcade and a vault with three-and-a-half inches thick doors conveyed a feeling of majesty and security. It was strategically designed to be “the bank that looks like a bank” to attract Wall Street investors looking venture into Denvers economic boom. Inscription – A Bank That Looks Like A Bank In 1915, this was the Colorado National Banks slogan. Designed by W.E. and A.A. Fischer, the


Medallion Name – TAKE YOUR PICK Significance – Wazee, Champa, Wewatta, Wynkoop…did you ever wonder how Denver’s streets got named?  The designations of the Mile-High city’s roads offer a trip through Denver’s bygone days. Many streets, avenues and boulevards memorialize the colorful characters, long-ago leaders and local legends who forged Denver history. Inscription – “Champa,” I think is Arapahoe for some common animal, deer, antelope, horse, steer. Buffalo, wolf or dog. History of Denver, 1901 Edited for The Denver Times By Jerome C. Smiley Location – 39°44’52.8″N 104°59’36.9″W Details – Whether you’re a Colorado native, newcomer or Denver visitor, chances


Medallion Name – FOUR CORNERS Significance – Four Corners all the way around the design of the buildings on the four corners of 17th and Champa Streets reflects the stones mined in the Four Corners region of the Colorado Plateau. The area boasts extraordinary deposits of many common and rare rocks and minerals in a rainbow of colors. Inscription – The four corners of 17th and Champa Streets are occupied by the Boston Building (1890), the Colorado National Bank (1915) the Railway Exchange (Title) Building (1937) and the Ideal Cement Building (1907). All were built of Colorado Yule marble, red


Medallion Name – Significance – If you define an entrepreneur as “a person who organizes and operates a business or businesses, taking on greater than normal financial risks in order to do so,” then Charles Boettcher is an excellent example of an extraordinarily successful entrepreneur. Inscription – Charles Boettcher (1852-1948) was a German immigrant who played several key roles in the state’s economic development. He introduced the sugar beet industry to Colorado and established the Great Western Sugar Company. While building sugar beet refineries, Boettcher was often delayed by the poor availability of cement. He bought a cement plant in


Medallion Name – SHOCK TREATMENT Significance – In the time before cars, Denver was a city with a world-class mass transit system. Inscription – By 1886, Denver’s transportation system was becoming more sophisticated with the use of an electric streetcar system. However, by 1887 its use declined and this mode of transport was ultimately abandoned. The electricity was inadequate and sporadic. Also, Denver citizens and mules object to the minor shock they received when they stepped on the third rail. Location – 39°44’49.6″N 104°59’32.6″W Details – Once upon a time, there were no cars in Denver. When the city was